26th Nov '16

lego2

If you’ve read Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman or Stumbling on Happiness by Daniel Gilbert (and if you haven’t you should; great books), then you’ve been given countless of examples on how our brain function and that a repeating theme is that our brain is really eager to fill in the blanks.

This tendency can work for us and it can work against us. What I’ve also found is, by being presence and tuned into this phenomenon, it can also entertain. Mesmerise oneself over how… well stupid and irrational we truly are.

A simple way to test this is to watch the movie Arrival, featuring Amy Adams, Jeremy Renner and Forest Whitaker.

SPOILER ALERT

With our learned understanding of conventional story structure we create the assumption that the death of the main characters daughter came before the arrival and that the recollections of her daughter’s birth, growth and death are from the past and not from the future.

The director Denis Villeneuve basically tricks us (by, among other things, showing warm tone memories leading us to assume they’ve flashbacks) and have us fill in the blanks.

What you don’t understand you can make mean anything.

26th Nov '16

fullwidth-3946bcf7

Nothing remotely ethereal or spiritual ever finds its way into his work. There’s a reason, though: Nolan is a die-hard materialist. Underlying nearly every film he’s ever made, no matter how fanciful, is his conviction that the universe can be explained entirely by physical processes. Any suggestion that our lives are shaped by forces we can’t understand makes him break out in hives. […] Batman is likely the only superhero of any interest for him, precisely because Batman has no superpowers.

An excellent article: thedissolve.com/features/exp...

I’ve personally enjoyed most of the Nolan movies I’ve seen, such as: Interstellar, Inception, The Dark Knight Rises, The Dark Knight, Batman Begins, The Prestige, Memento. Great movies.

And I even though the similarities between Interstellar and Inception [1] [2] [3] might imply a repetition of formula and lack innovation, I thought it’s genius. Yes. I like Nolan.

26th Nov '16

b2mye9sciaaayz1-jpg-large

Cities feel a lot less welcoming when you highlight the places pedestrians aren’t supposed to go like this.

Via @mikefarrell

26th Nov '16

dyslexie-typeface-by-christian-boer-dezeen_468_2

Although it looks like a traditional typeface, Dyslexie by Christian Boer is designed specifically for people with dyslexia – a neurological disorder that causes a disconnect between language and visual processing making it difficult for the brain to process text. […]

“When they’re reading, people with dyslexia often unconsciously switch, rotate and mirror letters in their minds,” said Boer, who is dyslexic himself. “Traditional typefaces make this worse, because they base some letter designs on others, inadvertently creating ‘twin letters’ for people with dyslexia.” […]

For example in Swiss typeface Helvetica, the letter “n” is used upside down as a “u”, “d” is a back to front “b”, and “q” is a mirrored “p”. […]

“By changing the shape of the characters so that each is distinctly unique, the letters will no longer match one another when rotated, flipped or mirrored,” Boer said. “Bolder capitals and punctuation will ensure that users don’t accidentally read into the beginning of the next sentence.”

www.dezeen.com/2014/11/09/ch...

26th Nov '16

knowledge

The examination to become a London cabby is possibly the most difficult test in the world — demanding years of study to memorize the labyrinthine city’s 25,000 streets and any business or landmark on them. As GPS and Uber imperil this tradition, is there an argument for learning as an end in itself?

www.nytimes.com/2014/11/10/t...

24th Nov '16
24th Nov '16

muhammad-ali

When asked in a 1972 interview what he’d like people to think about him when he’s gone, Muhammad Ali gave his “recipe for life” as an answer:

I would like for them to say, he took a few cups of love. He took one tablespoon of patience, one tablespoon of generosity, one pint of kindness; he took one quart of laughter, one piece of concern, and then he mixed willingness with happiness. He added lots of faith, and he stirred it up well. Then he spread it and expanded it over a lifetime. And he served each and every deserving person he met.

Below is another quote, answering “How I would like to be remembered”:

I would like to be remembered as a man who was humorous and who treated everyone right. As a man who never looked down on those who looked above him, and who helped as many people as he could. As a man who stood up for his beliefs no matter what. As a man who tried to unite all humankind through faith and love. If all that’s too much, then I guess I’d settle for being remembered only as a great boxer who became a leader and a champion of his people. I wouldn’t mind if folks forgot how pretty I was.

24th Nov '16

The schools in this country are one of the biggest reasons we’re all so screwed up. Our educational experience consists of three great lies. Lie number one is, It’s better to say, ‘I know’ than to say, ‘I don’t know.’ Lie number two: It’s better to answer a question than ask a question. Lie three: It’s better to worship at the foot of success than understand the nature of failure. Those three lies have screwed our society, and it’s by overcoming one at a time–or two at a time or all three –that you can make some breakthroughs in your creative activities.

Richard Saul Wurman is an American architect and graphic designer. Wurman has written and designed at least 83 books, and created the TED conference, as well as the EG conference, TEDMED and the WWW suite of gatherings.

24th Nov '16

a-682-swyftbas

I’ve met many interface designers who assume that you should use icons in an interface. I ask, “Is this the best interface that can be designed, or is it spawned out of habit and convention?” Most designers just stumble along in the present paradigm, ignoring the decay underfoot.

Above is pulled from this article ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm... titled A Conversation With Jef Raskin.

Jef Raskin (March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project for Apple in the late 1970s.

24th Nov '16

selfie

Above photo was found in a 1995 book of “useless” japanese inventions: the selfie stick. Via @_tessr

24th Nov '16

Don’t ever compare your living, breathing beautifully imperfect, real-life human self to someone else’s controlled online content.

via @NovenaCarmel

24th Nov '16

Sometimes as a designer you find yourself talking about snackbars and toasts in Lollipop and Marshmallow and you wonder where you went wrong.

via @dmierau

22nd Nov '16
22nd Nov '16
22nd Nov '16

1tkt8i9go6unkp7anhfzeaa

design has stayed stubbornly isolated – it hasn’t undergone the same collaboration revolutions that software development and office productivity have gone through – it’s remained, basically, single player

I haven’t tried the real-time collaborating tool Figma yet, so I can’t pass praise. However; it looks fabulous and they are tackling an area close to heart — collaboration.

It’s 2016 and it amazes me how we (makers of digital services and experiences) are still stuck using methods and processes that circle around creating visual static artefacts — statically filming a theatre stage instead of making a cinema film.

I believe this isn’t just down to designers and their choice of tools, it’s also about business and organisational setup. As Nick Bostrom states in his brilliant book Superintelligence: “Bureaucratic deformations that warp organisational life—wasteful status games, mission creep, concealment or falsification of information, and other agency problems.”

Playing on the same instrument at the same time might indeed be a good way to move towards a multiplayer setup, but along with that I reckon we should explore how we can inspire everyone to become a maker. Inject oxygen in basic moments of collaboration prior to implementation.

Empower the multidisciplinary team with tools of communication that has a low entry point and are more powerful, sophisticated and forgiving than a bullet of requirements, whiteboards, post-its and deck of slides.

22nd Nov '16

IKEA makes it possible to affordably furnish an entire apt in one day. Some ‘bad’ experiences, eg. picking boxes, are key enablers.

Via @rjs

22nd Nov '16

cwziwsmucaacvop
George Saunders in 2007 Via @tavitulle

19th Oct '16

dylan

Bob Dylan has been awarded the Nobel prize in literature, the first songwriter to have ever done so. Some people believes this as a mistake and some think it’s great.

The Norwegian author Karl Ove Knausgaard is divided:

I’m very divided. I love that the novel committee opens up for other kinds of literature – lyrics and so on. I think that’s brilliant. But knowing that Dylan is the same generation as Pynchon, Philip Roth, Cormac McCarthy, makes it very difficult for me to accept it. I think one of those three should have had it, really. But if they get it next year, it will be fine.

While Dylan’s songwriting peer and friend Leonard Cohen thinks its pointless:

To me is like pinning a medal on Mount Everest for being the highest mountain.

If you look up the definition of literature, it states:

written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit

My personal opinion on this matter is: a) I think it’s unfair to deem songwriting as “less worthy” due to the fact that it’s primarily delivered in a shorter format, with music and melody, and, b) I like that the Nobel Committee for Literature isn’t a stale entity and that it allow itself to evolve.

7th Oct '16

orange-and-yellow

Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s. I’m a big fan. Along with Cubism; my favourite movement.

Jackson Pollock is probably the most well known. My favourite is Mark Rothko (above). Absolutely love his work. If you ever get the chance to see it in person, do. It’s in person his work should be experienced.

Given my appreciation for Abstract Expressionism, I was really pleased to find out about the current exhibition (titled Abstract Expressionism) organised by the Royal Academy of Arts, London with the collaboration of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.

In their words:

Exploring an unparalleled period in American art, this long-awaited exhibition reveals the full breadth of a movement that will forever be associated with the boundless creative energy of 1950s New York.

Besides Pollock and Rothko, I’m now also a fan of Arshile Gorky, Glyfford Still, William de Kooning and Ad Reinhardt.

The Black Paintings by Reinhardt (below) definitely struck a chord and caused both reflection and change of pace.

installation-view-ad-reinhardt-david-zwirner-new-york-2013_1

28th Sep '16

ragnar-kjaransson

I had already seen Ragnars Kjartansson’s exhibition at the Barbican once, but I went again to investigate both what and why I got so emotionally touched by it the first time. I also wanted to experience The Visitors — a 1h immersive and moving multichannel video installation — from start to finish.

As I read the exhibition text on the wall on my second visit; it struck me.

“With each work, he takes us on a journey, eliciting responses that range from excitement, sadness, and bemusement to boredom — a panoply of emotions that mirror the human condition.”

Boredom.

I had a notion that our connection could be related to the fact that we both were born in the late 70s and raised in the 80s on the longitude of 64°. He Reykjavik (Iceland), me Skellefteå (Sweden).

Some would say a rather obvious connection. I mean — very obvious. Like: written-in-a-neon-sign-above-the-entrance-obvious. Below is a photograph of the entrance to the Barbican Center during the exhibition, a neon sign spelling ’Scandinavian Pain’…

l1003565-1

But I wasn’t satisfied with such a rational explanation as geography for my strong emotional experience.

Boredom. Rather than Scandinavia.
Boredom. Rather than pain.

See, I don’t really related boredom to pain. Boredom, I cherish. It’s something I enjoy. I actually schedule time in my calendar to be bored. I mean — I went a second time to experience a 60 minute video art peice; most people would find that boring; I find it energising.

Most of Ragnar’s work tap into repetition, which many people associate with boredom.

– The Visitors (2012), a 1h long immersive and moving multi-channel video installation.

– Second Movement (2016), featuring two women in quintessential Edwardian costume rowing a boat and embracing in a never-ending kiss (took place on the Barbican Lakeside every Saturday and Sunday, between 1–4pm, weather permitted).

– Take Me Here by the Dishwasher: Memorial for a Marriage (2011), a live performance featuring ten troubadours singing for up to eight hours a day, every day for the duration of the exhibition.

– A Lot of Sorrow (2011), the band The National spending six hours repeatedly performing the same song Sorrow (www.alotofsorrow.com).

to give a few example.

I think my natural calmness and aptitude to autodidactism (self-learning), as well as my discomfort to immerse in external stimuli (such as social media or TV) is partly due to my romantic relationship to boredom.

My guess is that both Ragnar and I were trained in borerdom when we were young. We were taught the gentle art to appreciate boredom. Small cities, far north, pre-internet.

I’m very grateful that he (unlike myself) has not only developed a skill to share the beauty of boredom to a larger audience, but also dedicated his life to do so.

Thank you.

14th Sep '16

“We begin in admiration and end by organizing our disappointment.”

— Gaston Bachelard

13th Sep '16

advertising has become the tax that poor and technologically illiterate people have to pay

— overheard

29th Aug '16

Whenever I make a new friend I force them to do the wordless chant at the end of “Dreams” by The Cranberries and then just go from there.

@perfumegenius

14th Jun '16

Too much of the design toolset is focused on creating isolated artifacts instead of supporting connected workflows. Design work needs to be better connected, and designers need more support for the half of their job that isn’t drawing shapes, choosing typefaces, or prototyping interactions. The majority of a design job is orchestrating the team, ensuring visual consistency, updating stakeholders, documenting decisions, interpreting feedback, and delivering the work for implementation. When you look at it this way, it becomes clear. We don’t need more visual tools. We need help managing our work and how design relates to the rest of the organisation.

We think there’s a huge opportunity in creating a new kind of design tool, one that designs the other half of design.

abstractapp.com/2016/05/14/t...

30th May '16

cgxq3ctuoaatojg

If video games have taught me anything it’s that this guy is selling rare items that I’ll need later in my quest.

via @thepierrebear

7th Apr '16

Our goals can only be reached through a vehicle of a plan, in which we must fervently believe, and upon which we must vigorously act. There is no other route to success.

— Pablo Picasso

29th Jan '16

8479f4c7446743c696257ec351156153

youtu.be/CvLQJReDhic is a superb video where Lewis Bond talks us through the gentle art of composition.

What amazed me is the parallels it made me draw to my own profession as a maker and shaper of digital experiences and services. I can even see the narrative work for business strategy — challenge fix mindset with growth.

For decades we have relied on the values and principles deriving from graphic design and brochures; or advertising and PR; and almost denying the true unique qualities that the digital medium provides us with, such as: dynamic content, interaction, continuous revising (to mention a few). In similar ways of how many organisational models and practices are still built and operating on a factory mentality.

Anyway. Food for thoughts.
Outtake from the video below.

Thanks Lewis.
Found via kottke.org/16/01/the-importa...

To compose an image, is to create an everlasting metaphor. Cinema in it’s purest form is visual story telling, and the best cinema can tell a story through something as simple as the arrangement of an image: staging, framing, depth, balance; how do you present space?

Out of all the discipline that coincide under the umbrella of cinematography, I won’t have much hesitation in saying that composition is the fields most fundamental principle.

Why do I think this? Because deciding the placement of subjects through the view-finder of a camera isn’t merely a technical decision; it’s an expressive one.

In a nutshell, composition is simply how the element inside the frame is position and exhibited to the viewer, it’s the skill of knowing what to show and what not to show, as well as how to show it or how not to show it.

By intentionally directing the structure within a frame, you enhance the meaning of whatever is you want to say with whatever canvas you want to work with.

Most of the application of the composition revolves mainly around visual necessity—those checkboxes that needs to be ticket when arranging the visual elements of an image; is there enough lighting, does the staging block any important visual information. Case in point as to why composition is a necessary technical skill when constructing any image. Without it films would be a sensory of overload of information without stucture, but with it you gain focus.

However as an art, it shouldn’t be approached exclusively with pragmatism, because it’s just not where we place our subjects of interest; but why.

What can we say with composition.

[…]

They [excessful visual templates such as ‘rule of third’ and ‘golden ratio’] are tried and tested formulas that makes an image pleasent to the eye, yet when the rules that define an area of study is practically ingrained in our minds; it can be very difficult to demonstrate versatility. Be that as it may, composition verity isn’t the focus here; but what do these compositions say and what can you say when you go against this formula.

[…]

In the grand scheme of things: cinema is still a relatively new artform, and cinema took influence during it’s infancy from the existing medium in order to undertand it’s role in the artistic landscape.

Many early directors and filmmakers either directly hailed from theatre, or in the very least influence by the form. Yet the impact this had on composition could’t be ignored. Because how different film was, composition didn’t even occur to many filmmakers, instead; technic were imported directly from theatre.

[…]

Once filmmakers realised that cameras didn’t need to be be locked down in one spot and once the technology that was propelling the artform improved; the imagination of filmmakers started to flourish. Where composition were once a last minute invitation of the convention setup of other mediums, now it was being championed by artist such as Fritz Lang and the german expressionist who became pioners of using composition for tonal leverage.

[…]

Every single shot in cinema uses composition, but those images that haunts us, astound us; they awoke such emotions, just not because they are beautiful, but because they carry meaning.

Composition can still be used to effect us on a psychological level; and thats how you should think when composing an image: what emotion can i display.

Create a sufficient structure to your image; make sure it’s visually pleasing; find your focal element and use interesting visuals to highlight them; and everything you do from their should be an artistic venture to convey your message.

Every subtle change you make in positioning of your framing creates a new emotion — it creates a new piece of art — and all of this is achieve through composition is a skill that can images last for ever.

10th Nov '15

The objective is the simple thing of getting the best to the greatest number of people for the least.

— Charles and Ray Eames, 1950

30th Oct '15

NYC_nike-pacers_screenshot-half_r2

That’s right, your Uber request will be running straight to your doorstep on Saturday, along with some Nike gear to make sure you can suit up for your next run.

Enter code RUNNYC for your on-demand personal running session on Saturday, October, 31.

Whether you have 2 or 26.2 miles in your sights, as long as you have a goal, we’ll bring you a guide. After all, everyone’s a runner. So don’t second guess yourself—just do it. And if your legs are tired afterwards, well, then you can just Uber it.

Cool.

newsroom.uber.com/nyc/2015/1...

30th Oct '15

Sagi-Kortler_3485380k

Lot’s of lovely winners and finalists. Above photograph is captured by Sagi Kortler; winner in the Single Image category.

www.telegraph.co.uk/news/pic...

30th Oct '15

1856

“Anyone can pop up and say they’re a mindfulness teacher, so there is a lot of anxiety within the mindfulness community,” said Madeleine Bunting, an adviser to the all-party parliamentary group on mindfulness and a former Guardian journalist.

gu.com/p/4dyjn/stw is an interesting article, but the paradox of the quote above made me laugh.

23rd Sep '15

nedobandam.com

In 1960, during the Rome Olympics, marathon runner Abebe Bikila broke the world and olympic record. He ran barefoot on 2:15:16.

After the race, when Bikila was asked why he had run barefoot, he replied;

I wanted the whole world to know that my country, Ethiopia, has always won with determination and heroism.

31st Jul '15

sunteeth

I just stumble over this video https://youtu.be/EqJf-JoJUtk. It was actually retweeted by Foo Fighter.

The clip awaked some really really lovely memories. Memories of me, being in my teens, sitting alone in my room for hours and playing guitar alongside my heroes: Nirvana, Metallica, Guns & Roses, Rage Against the Machine, Perl Jam, Faith no More, Megadeth etc and so on — all those absolutely amazing guitar driven albums released during the first half of 90′ that I learned by heart.

In reality they were “with me” on the stereo, but in my mind I was always the extra band member alongside of them on stages around the world.

Imagination is a beautiful thing.

31st Jul '15

In 2012 I set out (and succeeded) to run 2012km in a year. Due to this endeavour I have a personal emotion connection to the feat to complete 2000km in a year.

I did it again last year.

Two days ago — 210 days into the current year — I ran my 165 run of the year and once again past the 2000km mark.

Perceptions is a moving target.

25th Jun '15

“Font,” just as it always had, would refer to the physical tool used to reproduce a typeface, which in the new, digital environment, was a digital file consisting of a set of scalable, vector-drawn glyphs encoded so as to correspond with particular user input in the form of keystrokes. The definition of typeface was (and is) unchanged: it is the design itself, in abstract, which can still be reproduced in any number of ways. The font is the tool used to reproduce the typeface, and while the particulars of the terminology are a bit different with digital and analog methods, the essential distinction between the two terms remains the same. When you pick a font from MS Word’s pulldown menu, you are selecting the file your computer will use to interpret and display your keystrokes. You are selecting the tool. The typeface exists outside of your computer as an intangible concept.

Brilliant answer by John Rushing on Quora. Read the entire answer here: qr.ae/7kGuPW

21st Jun '15

21-trent-reznor-small

If I had to choose one ambassador; one person who would lead the way to realign our collective notion of what music can be, and doing so by putting more emphasis on the art form — it would be Trent Reznor.

Learning that Trent is a central part in shaping Apple Music gives me hope. I’m really excited to see if he gets the support, and has the stamina, to build a platform where everyone can experience his vision of the distribution between — and roles of — artist, business and fans.

Best of luck Trent.

21st Jun '15

Rich Hickey emphasizes simplicity’s virtues over easiness’, showing that while many choose easiness they may end up with complexity, and the better way is to choose easiness along the simplicity path.

www.infoq.com/presentations/...

21st Jun '15

I found Nicholas Felton’s presented at Reaktor Design Day 2014 interesting on many different levels: his learnings, data, surveillance, privacy, design etc and so on. vimeo.com/109119931

21st Jun '15

1*ESseXW6Efj0hqg4wbzOkAg

When I say thin, I mean VERY thin – graphene is one atom thick (almost transparent). And when I say strong, I mean VERY strong. For its very low weight, it is 100 times stronger than steel, as stiff as a diamond, and yet also flexible and even stretchable.

But its other characteristics are most interesting. It conducts heat and electricity with great efficiency (faster at room temperature than any other known material), and it charges and discharges 100x to 1000x faster than traditional batteries.

Right now, it’s expensive.

medium.com/@PeterDiamandis/m...

20th Jun '15

… so what is human existence? It’s actually pretty simple. We are dead stars looking back up at the sky.

https://youtu.be/4HLYe31MBrg

19th Jun '15

Wong [VP, Google Creative Lab] is guided by what he calls “the four Ps: purpose, people, projects, process.” The way he sees it, those four are in descending order of importance, and if you get each stage right, the ones that follow become clearer—and decision-making is easier.

“If you choose the right purpose, then certain people will be attracted by that. They will be motivated and unified. You need less management oversight. Those people will then conceive and execute products, products that fit the purpose. The process fills in the open spaces. But strong purpose ties it together. You have to excavate the purpose first.”

[…]

he notes, that very top tip needs to be something everyone embraces—more than what the company currently produces, he argues, it needs to be a goal, or as he puts it, a story. “You need to make a trip to the future and bring a souvenir back,”

[…]

“Talent is the most important thing,” Wong says. “The manager era is gone. You now have lots of senior people who are constantly selling to their reports. Your staff can leave. They have the option to go. That’s why purpose is so important. It’s the best way to keep talent.”

www.fastcompany.com/3036578/...

19th Jun '15

The turn-of-last-century British artist William Morris once said you can’t have art without resistance in the materials. The computer and its multifarious peripherals are the materials. The code is the art. […] If coders don’t run the world, they run the things that run the world.

www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2...

19th Jun '15

David Burton’s sketch-noted.tumblr.com makes me want to become better (and faster!) at sketching. Via @iaintait

tumblr_npvqasQSzg1uy18r5o9_1280

14th Jun '15

The task is not so much to see what no one has seen, but to think what nobody has yet thought, about that which everybody sees.

— Erwin Schrödinger

13th Jun '15

It’s a sad way of looking at it, but it does ring true. Makes (horrible) sense, too: if you don’t have what’s required to improve, lower the base line. Cut from the bottom instead of adding to the top.

But the fee model comes with systematic costs that are not immediately obvious. Here’s the thing: in order for fees to work, there needs be something worth paying to avoid. That necessitates, at some level, a strategy that can be described as “calculated misery.” Basic service, without fees, must be sufficiently degraded in order to make people want to pay to escape it. And that’s where the suffering begins.

Bill McGee, […] summarized his findings this way: “The roomiest economy seats you can book on the nation’s four largest airlines are narrower than the tightest economy seats offered in the 1990s.”

www.newyorker.com/business/c...

13th Jun '15

In Japan, a forest bathing trip, called Shinrin-yoku, is a short, leisurely visit to a forest.

Studies support claims of the benefits of Shinrin Yoku. These have demonstrated that exposure to nature positively creates calming neuro-psychological effects through changes in the nervous system. […]

Every study so far conducted has demonstrated reductions in stress, anger, anxiety, depression and sleeplessness amongst the subjects who have participated. In Japan there are now 44 accredited Shinrin Yoku forests.

en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fore...

13th Jun '15

What if Egyptians actually had a written language, then started using emojis, and that’s all that’s left?

@GarageRock

12th Jun '15
12th Jun '15

I believe a big challenge we are facing — in regards to both our wellness as well as the longevity of our planet — is to collectively move to a more emotional platform where value creation isn’t primarily evaluated on the basis that numbers need to increase.

If we all could find strength to detach our poisonous addictive minds from ‘only if’ and find peacefulness in the pourity and beauty of ‘what is’ — the kneading of reality instead of fantasy — I believe we can stop sinking and, more importantly, love sound.

I hate to break this to you, but:
numbers aren’t real.

5th Jun '15

Aut tace aut loquere meloria silentio

3rd Jun '15

spinning-the-yarn-1

Project Jacquard makes it possible to weave touch and gesture interactivity into any textile using standard, industrial looms.

Everyday objects such as clothes and furniture can be transformed into interactive surfaces.

www.google.com/atap/project-...

...